Catfish in the home aquarium
Well, in General, these lines belong to a huge river catfish am. Today we’ll talk about aquarium catfish the ICA, which for the most part not concerned with these problems. Species of aquarium catfish of ICA there are several hundred and they are so different from each other that it’s hard to believe it’s all related. The main feature of any and som are characterized by a mustache – an organ of touch. They can be barely noticeable, or they may be so much that the fish and fish-like. In any case, before you – som-IR. Fish leads a benthic lifestyle, finding food on the bottom of the pond. These inhabitants of a sun-warmed, shallow freshwater lagoons of South America appeared in Europe for a long time. First spotted som of ICA brought in 1876. Since then, beautiful, diverse and unpretentious som ICA became favourites and beginners and experienced aquarists.
The aquarium for them should be chosen on the basis of 30-50 litres per fish. But when a large number of individuals, specific volume, as usual, can be reduced. Moreover, the som alone the ICA do not like, they live in flocks. Som IR – fish shallow, so the best fit is wide, but shallow tank. The som ICA have additional, special, so-called gastrointestinal breathing. So they can live in water with low oxygen content, swallowing air through the mouth from the surface. But better not to make experiments and obespechit the aquarium at least a little aeration. The water temperature should be maintained within 18-28 degrees, although these fish tolerate persistent and almost icy water. Most importantly, water must not be even a hint of the content of salt or sea salt! As a primer pour the coarse sand, because digging in the fine sand, the fish will lift the haze and roll, in search of food, healthy “cobbles” they will not afford. On the bottom put the caves, some large shells, driftwood and such seekers, the ICA catfish love to hide, so much so that only whiskers sticking out. Plants any good, som they have little interest in ICA. As they are to other fish adjacent to them. In case the response of interest and the encroachments of greedy neighbours, som IR protective armor. Well, of course, if those neighbors are not very large and toothy.
For som ICA is better suited food that sinks and falls to the bottom. It may be Tubifex, bloodworms, etc. But floating Daphnia they manage to catch and swallow with difficulty. But with appetite eaten pill and feed pellets for bottom fish.
For spawning otkryvaem female with several males in a separate container, a volume of 10-12 liters of fresh and cold water with enhanced aeration. The female lays fertilized eggs, sticking it on plants or the aquarium glass, in the amount of up to 200 eggs. Eggs develop for a week, it is desirable to use special antifungal drugs. Hatched fry, it is recommended to feed crushed food for adult fish. After a month the fry will be the length of about a centimeter, and eight months will turn into adult fish. Live aquarium catfish IKI 6-8 years.