Pets Inform – Aquarium – marine fish – Amphiprion (clown fish)
Coral reef in miniature: clowns and anemones
Clown fish, they are also amfiprion – obligatory inhabitants of coral reefs of the Pacific and Indian oceans. This is a small fish up to 12 cm, colorful and bright as clown makeup. They have their house and back on the reef – anemone. Clowns are easy to keep in the aquarium, a little harder with anemones: they are capricious and can crawl along the bottom in search of the perfect place. Clowns do not feel very comfortable without sea anemones, so it is advisable to have them with her.
Clown – fish family. In youth they find a mate, choose the anemone and live in it together for the whole life – 18 years of age. Fish rarely sail more than a couple meters from the tentacles of the anemone, they feed on passing zooplankton and algae. Anemone got leftovers, but the food he needs much less than the fish.
Easier just to keep clowns in pairs in an aquarium of about 300 liters. This is a very belligerent fish, they fend off predators from their anemone and don’t let outsiders into their territory. Despite its modest size, clowns mercilessly biting and pinching their neighbors, so they need a separate aquarium. However, sometimes clowns are friendly and easily get along with non aggressive neighbors.
Clowns can be kept in the aquarium “Mini-Nemo” objemove about 20 l. Required water quality is achieved with frequent changes, and you can save on equipment.
The water temperature should be at the level of 25-26 °C, salinity – 1.022-1.025. Twice a month you need to substitute 20% of the water to monitor proaccelerin and lighting. The fish light is not as important as sea anemones. She can find the right place, but it may die if you do not stumble upon the optimal combination of all conditions. In the aquarium with clowns must be a filter with activated carbon. Fish eat sloppy, and the anemone eats everything, so leftover food should be promptly removed from the water until they began to decompose.
Clowns spawn under the protection of an anemone, sometimes they lay eggs on any flat surface. She cares for the male, ensuring the flow of fresh water. Larvae fry rise closer to the surface of the water, where they feed and develop.
Clown fish are susceptible to parasites, fungi and infections. The disease mostly arise due to poor water quality and are usually treated baths with drugs. Sick fish should be transplanted into a separate aquarium, so she didn’t infect the others.
In the aquarium amphiprion with appetite to eat dry and live food, pieces of clams, shrimp. They need to be fed several times a day, little by little, so fish do not get fat. Enough to give sea anemones twice a week finely chopped raw fish or shrimp pieces. Some species do without additional power, receiving all the necessary substances by photosynthesis. Still need to feed them once or twice a month.
Sea anemones are undemanding to water quality. The main thing for them – and for lighting. If these settings are okay, anemone will grow, otherwise it will decrease. Many species of anemones are arranged directly at the pump, where the flow is strongest. They have no skeleton, so can squeeze through sea anemones in a tiny crack where the pump will grind them. To avoid this, the pump need to be closed with a sponge.