Fish in the garden pond
Breeding many species of fish not possible in any body of water. To grow same carp, silver carp and the RUF can be in every small pond and pool. An example is the experience of the late writer A. A. Fadeev, who was an avid Amateur farmers. My summer cottage, near the station Peredelkino outside Moscow, the writer dug out a pond area of about 80 square meters and a depth of about 1 m. the Pond is located at the end of the segment in the terrace above the floodplain. He replenished water due to the spring snow melting, and in part ground water. Every year in the spring of A. A. Fadeev planted in the pond 80 pieces of fingerling carp weighing 25-30 g, 80-120 fingerling silver carp weighing 15-20 g and 20 yearlings weighing 15-20 g Orfe Orff was very enlivened and decorated the pond. In the summer of A. A. Fadeev fish fed different imiami, bread, cereal and kitchen waste. Since August, he began a dragnet to catch the larger carp. The catch was selected the most stalwart specimens, and smaller weight of fish produced in the pond. By autumn, the carp grew to 450-500 g, carp – up to 120-160 G. Orfi to 80-100 g of farmed fish walked up to the table. On every square meter of A. A. Fadeev was grown at 800 g fish. In addition to the fingerling of a carp, he planted in the pond and two year old fish, which were caught in the summer since July. Another example of successful fish farming – the experience of Professor military engineering Academy I. M. Gostev.At his summer cottage, located close to Semkhoz under the picture Zagorsk, also dug a pond with an area of 90 sq m with depth up to 1.5 m. the Pond is stagnant, supplied by surface water runoff and partly from springs. Professor Gostev planted in the pond carp 90-Godovikov, they were placed on lines 50-60. In the summer the fish are fed imiami, the remnants of bread, porridge. Carp readily eat worms. They are collected on the site when digging the ground. Karp takes the worms from the bottom. Usually godovikam carp to harvest the autumn grow to 400 grams per piece. Line well also eat bread, worms and oatmeal, but grow worse than carp, and they have to augment in the second year. Winter line without waste. Carp is better to fish out of the pond in the fall. In the same pond I. M. Gostev planted some Golden carp; they spawn and gave numerous offspring. Had to put in a pond of pike fry, and as they grow up eating carp. Every square metre of your pond I. M. Gostev grew to 600 g fish. At high stocking density and feeding fish, even without fertilizer, in ponds has developed green algae. During the flowering period the water had a dissolved oxygen 5-7 ml/l in Spring, when the water is not blooming, the oxygen content was lower, especially in the morning, then the fish floated to the surface and swallowing air. To prevent summer Zamora, in the pond should be applied to aeration of water. If there are sources of water, well into the period of oxygen deficiency (less than 1-2 ml/l), add fresh water into the pond. In order to accelerate flowering, in spring, the pond was made of garden fertilizer compound and ammonium nitrate. In ponds accumulate organic silt, and every 2-3 years it is necessary to remove. For this fall they pump out the water, which watered the gardens. The sludge from the ponds is an excellent fertilizer for horticultural crops. The construction of dug ponds is possible if there is a site on the reduced space, in which flows the water of the spring, or springs, which filled the pond. It is necessary that the bottom of the pond-Kopan was waterproof soil (clay), which would leave water in the bottom layers.