Where did gold fish?
Long ago, when people lived in China and never sailed across the sea, in a poor village there lived a young man and as beautiful as the morning dawn, the girl Tao. They loved each other. It seemed that no one can separate them. But once China attacked by enemies. The Emperor called out the cry: “Who can hold a sword, who can throw the javelin for the help, going to the great wall!”.
Then began to return brave soldiers home. Only favorite Tao did not come. He found another girl. Tao came to the shore of the lake and began to sob bitterly. Tears dripped into the water and immediately turned into a goldfish.
And another legend told people that goldfish fell from the sky. On a fluffy cloud of heaven the king made a Palace for the daughters. Various miracles were in it, but nothing pleased the girls. They looked at the ground. There went a beautiful youth.
Angry king heard this, and turned daughters in goldfish. Now he could be quiet. But one day, razygralas, one of the fish jumped out of the pond and fell down. Her earthly in the lake jumped and the rest.
The story of the goldfish years ago. Their common ancestor – a common goldfish. In 968, a wealthy official in one province of China was a pond in which were contained precious fish – red-oranzhevye Golden carp. Obviously, this coloration was the natural random deviation.
Perhaps the farmers have spotted the unusual fish and began to separate them from the common carp. From the offspring separated the red fish. This selection yielded results: Golden-red painting was a hereditary trait and start be passed on from generation to generation.
“Tears of perfect Tao” soon reached Europe. I managed to find this rarity and Russian Tsar Alexey Mikhailovich. But the fish didn’t live long in Moscow. They were kept in vases and thought they “feed water”. Fish died, and the legend continued to live among the people. One of the variants of this legend told by Arina Rodionovna little Sasha Pushkin. The poet many years later revealed it to us by creating an amazing tale.
Through artificial selection has managed to get the gold variation not only carp. Now divorced Orff, multi-colored carp, koi, tench. Began to appear new varieties: white, red-white and others. Chinese masters have learned to use these fish. They were crossed, selected, crossed again until a random sign does not become hereditary.
From the point of view of natural expediency goldfish absolutely not adapted to life in natural water bodies. Their coloration is visible, the body awkwardly, and the fins have been no help to move, becoming heavy decoration. So goldfish can only live in aquariums and artificial ponds. Because people are specially secured in the inappropriate fish for fish, but interesting for the person signs.